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(I mean. Was I not going to quote from Twelfth Night? That seems unlikely.)

Putting this in the "cross-dressing" tag, although Twitter (where I found the link) reminds me that the assumption that all such figures found in the archives must have been cross-dressed women does erase the possible presence of trans men:

‘A poor wench in man’s clothes’: English civil war cross-dressers unveiled

This anecdote is the most ballady thing ever:
In 1645, Oliver Cromwell, then a lowly second in command, captured a royalist aristocrat, Lord Henry Percy, and a group of supporters. Cromwell noted “a youth of so faire a countenance, that he doubted of his condition; and to confirm himself, willed him to sing” – which the prisoner did “with such daintiness” that her true sex was revealed.

("For I can sing, / And speak to him in many sorts of music, / That will allow me very worth his service.")

And this bit is interesting, too:
However hard to find in the records, such women were common enough for Charles I to add a handwritten note to a draft proclamation on standards of behaviour for his army in 1645, warning: “Lett no woman presume to counterfeit her sex by wearing mans apparall under payne of the severest punishment.”

Stoyle, who publishes his research in History, the Journal of the Historical Association, regards the note as fascinating. “These words suggest the king believed female cross-dressing was quite widespread in his army and show a willingness on his part to take a much firmer line on the practice … Curiously though, when the proclamation was finally published it contained no reference to cross-dressing.”

I love the idea that Charles I was just super-worried about this.

The Guardian article also provides a link to Mark Stoyle's article in the journal History; it looks like the whole article is available to read online:

‘Give mee a Souldier's Coat’: Female Cross‐Dressing during the English Civil War